Difference Between Tax Planning and Tax Management | Freo Save (2024)

Tax planning and tax management are two different strategies that can help investors make smart decisions when it comes to their assets. But what exactly do these two terms mean, and how can they help you as an investor? In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the difference between tax planning and tax management and explain why every investor should be familiar with them. We’ll also give you some tips on how to get started with the tools to save tax so that you can make the most of your investments.

Contents hide

What Is Tax Planning?

What is the Difference Between Tax Planning And Tax Management?

Tax Planning vs Tax Management

What are the Top Financial Instruments for Maximizing Tax Savings?

Tax Saver Fixed Deposit (FD)

Sukanya Samriddhi Yojna (SSY)

The National Pension Scheme

Life Insurance

PPF

Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS)

Senior Citizen Saving Scheme (SCSS)

Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIP)

Final Thoughts

What Is Tax Planning?

Tax planning is a strategic process designed to optimize an individual’s financial affairs in a manner that maximizes all legitimate deductions, exemptions, allowances, and rebates, ultimately resulting in a minimized tax liability. The objective is to identify the most effective tax planning strategies and apply them to one’s financial situation, while remaining in full compliance with all applicable tax laws and regulations.

By proactively planning ahead, individuals can take advantage of every available opportunity to minimize their tax burden, while ensuring that their financial affairs are structured in a manner that is both efficient and effective.

What is Tax Management?

Tax management is a critical process used by taxpayers to ensure full compliance with tax laws and regulations. It encompasses all aspects of tax-related activities, including penalties, appeals, prosecutions, and tax case settlements. Through effective tax management strategies, individuals can analyze their past, present, and future tax obligations to ensure full compliance with all applicable laws and avoid penalties and interest charges.

Unlike tax planning, tax management is a mandatory requirement for all taxpayers, making it essential to remain vigilant and up-to-date with all tax-related activities. Failure to comply with tax laws and regulations can result in interest penalties and other legal consequences. As such, taxpayers must remain fully informed and engaged with all aspects of tax management to avoid these potential risks and ensure continued compliance with all applicable tax laws and regulations.

What is the Difference Between Tax Planning And Tax Management?

Tax planning involves maximizing legal deductions and credits to lower your tax bill. Tax management, on the other hand, is a proactive approach to minimizing your annual taxes. It focuses on reducing taxable income to minimize your tax liability.

Tax Planning vs Tax Management

Tax PlanningTax Management
DefinitionThe process of identifying tax-saving opportunitiesThe process of implementing tax-saving strategies
GoalTo minimize tax liability by legally reducing taxesTo optimize tax burden and ensure compliance
FocusFuture tax liabilitiesPast and present tax liabilities
TimeframeLong-termShort-term
ScopeComprehensiveLimited to specific tax issues or situations
ActivitiesAnalyzing tax implications of business decisionsFiling tax returns, paying taxes, resolving disputes
InvolvementTypically handled by tax professionalsHandled by both taxpayers and tax professionals

What are the Top Financial Instruments for Maximizing Tax Savings?

  1. Tax Saver Fixed Deposit (FD)

    Fixed deposits with a lock-in maturity period of five years offer a stable and low-risk investment option for those who prioritize guaranteed returns. However, it is important to understand the nuances of tax exemptions associated with such FDs. While Section 80C of the Income Tax Act provides tax benefits for these investments, any withdrawal before maturity can result in losing the tax exemption benefit.
    Moreover, if investors withdraw before maturity, any interest earned on the FDs will be subject to taxation. Therefore, it is essential for investors to carefully evaluate their financial goals and risk tolerance before investing in FDs and ensure that they hold the investment till maturity to avail themselves of the tax exemption benefits.

    Find out – Is Fixed Deposit Taxable In India?

    If you’re looking for a reliable investment tool that offers guaranteed returns and tax benefits, why not consider opening a Freo Savings Fixed Deposit?

    Open Your Freo Savings FD Today!

  2. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojna (SSY)

    Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) is a highly beneficial investment option for parents having a daughter who is less than ten years old. The scheme not only enables parents to save for their daughter’s future but also provides tax benefits under section 80C of the Income Tax Act. One can avail tax exemptions on investments of up to ₹ 1.5 lakh per annum made in the SSY account.

    Due to the ‘BBBP’ policy implemented by the government, the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) now offers a higher interest rate than other government-mandated investment options, like the Public Provident Fund (PPF). It is crucial to note that any investment amount exceeding ₹ 1.5 lakh in a year does not qualify for SSY tax benefits. Therefore, parents should consider investing in SSY for their daughter’s secure future and reap the benefits of tax savings.

    Learn more about – Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana.

  3. The National Pension Scheme

    The National Pension Scheme is an investment policy designed to provide financial security to investors upon retirement. It is a tax-efficient investment option under Section 80C, allowing investors to claim a deduction of up to ₹ 1.5 lakh on the principal amount invested. Both employers and employees can contribute to the scheme if the individual is salaried.

    Employees can invest up to 10% of their salary in a tax-free manner under Section 80CCD(1), while self-employed individuals can claim an additional ₹ 50,000 in tax benefits under Section 80CCD(1B).

    Investors have the flexibility to partially invest their funds in equity schemes based on their discretion.

  4. Life Insurance

    Investing in a life insurance policy not only secures the future of the policyholder but also offers tax benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. The premium paid towards a life insurance policy is deductible from the total taxable income, providing substantial tax savings to the policyholder. However, it is important to keep in mind that to qualify for tax exemption benefits, the total amount assigned towards premium payments should not exceed ₹ 1.5 lakh.

    Additionally, any amount received as a death benefit from a life insurance policy is tax-free under Section 10(10D) of the Income Tax Act. Therefore, investors should choose a life insurance policy wisely, taking into consideration their financial goals, future plans, and tax implications, to reap maximum benefits.

  5. PPF

    The Public Provident Fund, or PPF, is an excellent investment option for those looking to save on taxes while earning a fixed and reliable return. One of the key benefits of PPF is that it allows individuals to invest up to ₹ 1.5 lakh per year, which is exempt from taxation. Additionally, the interest earned on the investment is also tax-free. While PPF does have a mandatory lock-in period of 15 years, this can be seen as a positive feature, as it encourages investors to think long-term and plan for their future financial needs. Overall, PPF is an attractive investment option for those who want to save on taxes and earn a fixed return over a longer period.

  6. Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS)

    Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) is a popular market investment tool for tax saving under Section 80C. It offers substantial returns by investing a minimum of 80% of the total portfolio on equity securities. The mandatory lock-in period on investment is three years.

    Under Section 80C, the ELSS scheme allows for substantial tax reduction. The principal amount invested is exempt from taxation if it is under ₹ 1.5 Lakh. Capital gains less than ₹ 1 Lakh are not charged with long-term capital gains tax. ELSS funds are relatively liquid compared to other securities available under the same umbrella.

  7. Senior Citizen Saving Scheme (SCSS)

    The Senior Citizens Savings Scheme is a tax-saving investment tool under section 80C, allowing investors to claim a deduction of up to ₹ 1.5 Lakh. However, only eligible individuals, such as those aged 60 years and above, or those above 55 years taking voluntary retirement, can invest in this scheme. The maximum investment allowed is ₹ 15 Lakh, and the interest rate is determined by the government, providing stability in returns.

    Learn more about – Senior Citizen Saving Scheme.

  8. Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIP)

    Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs) are financial instruments that provide tax-saving benefits under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. ULIPs offer exemptions on both the investment amount and the premium amounts payable by the investor. This makes ULIPs an attractive investment option for individuals looking to save taxes and build a corpus for their financial goals.

    The investment part is eligible for tax deduction up to ₹ 1.5 Lakh, while up to 10% of the premium amount (capped at ₹ 1.5 Lakh) can also be claimed for tax benefits.

Final Thoughts

Tax planning and management are essential components of any financial strategy for investors. Tax planning is focused on the long-term, while tax management is concerned with minimizing taxes owed each year. Both are important and should be considered carefully when making investment decisions. Working with a qualified professional can help investors ensure they are making the most of their money by taking advantage of available deductions and credits.

PrevPreviousMutual Funds vs Recurring Deposits: Which One Should You Choose?

NextTypes of RD: Explore All Types Of Recurring Deposit AccountsNext

Contact Us

Get in touch with us with your questions.

As an expert in finance and taxation with years of experience in advising clients on optimizing their financial affairs, I can confidently discuss the concepts outlined in the article you provided. Here's a breakdown of each concept:

  1. Tax Planning:

    • Tax planning is a strategic process aimed at minimizing an individual's tax liability by maximizing legitimate deductions, exemptions, allowances, and rebates while complying with all relevant tax laws and regulations.
    • It involves proactive decision-making to identify and implement effective tax-saving strategies tailored to an individual's financial situation.
    • Tax planning focuses on future tax liabilities and requires long-term strategic thinking.
  2. Tax Management:

    • Tax management involves ensuring full compliance with tax laws and regulations, covering activities such as filing tax returns, paying taxes, resolving disputes, and managing penalties or appeals.
    • Unlike tax planning, tax management is mandatory for all taxpayers, emphasizing the importance of staying updated and vigilant regarding tax-related obligations.
    • Tax management addresses past, present, and future tax liabilities, aiming to optimize tax burden and avoid penalties or legal consequences.
  3. Difference Between Tax Planning And Tax Management:

    • Tax planning is about minimizing tax liability by legally reducing taxes through proactive strategies.
    • Tax management, on the other hand, focuses on minimizing annual taxes through activities such as reducing taxable income and ensuring compliance with tax laws.
  4. Top Financial Instruments for Maximizing Tax Savings:

    • Tax Saver Fixed Deposit (FD): Offers stable returns with tax benefits under Section 80C, but premature withdrawals may lead to loss of tax exemption.
    • Sukanya Samriddhi Yojna (SSY): Designed for parents to save for their daughter's future, offering tax benefits under Section 80C.
    • National Pension Scheme (NPS): Provides tax-efficient investment options for retirement planning with deductions under Section 80C and 80CCD.
    • Life Insurance: Offers tax benefits on premiums paid under Section 80C and tax-free death benefits under Section 10(10D).
    • Public Provident Fund (PPF): Tax-saving investment with exempted contributions and tax-free interest earnings under Section 80C.
    • Equity Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS): Market-linked tax-saving investment with deductions under Section 80C and tax benefits on capital gains.
    • Senior Citizen Saving Scheme (SCSS): Offers tax benefits under Section 80C, specifically for senior citizens.
    • Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIP): Provides tax-saving benefits on investments and premiums under Section 80C.

By understanding these concepts and utilizing appropriate financial instruments, investors can effectively manage their tax obligations while optimizing their investment returns.

Difference Between Tax Planning and Tax Management | Freo Save (2024)
Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Msgr. Refugio Daniel

Last Updated:

Views: 5961

Rating: 4.3 / 5 (74 voted)

Reviews: 81% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Msgr. Refugio Daniel

Birthday: 1999-09-15

Address: 8416 Beatty Center, Derekfort, VA 72092-0500

Phone: +6838967160603

Job: Mining Executive

Hobby: Woodworking, Knitting, Fishing, Coffee roasting, Kayaking, Horseback riding, Kite flying

Introduction: My name is Msgr. Refugio Daniel, I am a fine, precious, encouraging, calm, glamorous, vivacious, friendly person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.